Untitled Document

Temple is a place where monks studying by following the Dharma of Sakyamuni Buddha live.

A day of Snagha begins at 3 o'clock in the morning. A monk beating a wooden gong goes around

the seminary(seminary ritual). Every monk gets up with the sound of the wooden gong. After the seminary ritual, four instruments(wooden fish, gong, temple drum, temple drum) are rung with the morning bell, and a Buddhist ceremony at dawn is performed piously in the Buddha main hall. After the seminary ritual, monks making an effort in the Zen center perform a Buddist ceremony with bamboo clappers in the public hall. After the Buddhist ceremony, monks in the traditional seminary do a textual study in the great hall. Morning offering is held at 6 a.m. Monks sit around in order in the great hall and do offering with their own wooden bowls.

As the meaning of the f ull monastic training temple is a translation of Sanskrit ¡®vindhyavana', it is transliterate as bintapana or translated as ¡®birch temple'. It is called this way because it looks like a thick forest when monastic and householders stay together harmoniously. Especially in case of a Zen temple, it is also called a full merit monastic training temple.

According to the third volume of Jidoron, it is true that ¡®Sangha means Joong(a group) and represents that many Bhikkus stay in a place harmoniously. As a forest composed of big trees is called Lim, it is called a monastic teaching center since monks and the public gather and live together.' Namely, places such as Zen center, meditation center, monk hall, and special practice hall in which many monks and the public gather and practice are commonly called a monastic teaching center. Moreover, for a monastery to be a monastic teaching center, it should have a Zen center which is a special practice hall for monks to do Zen mediatation, a traditional seminary which is an educational institution teaching the sutra, and a precept school which is a special educational institution teaching the Buddhist discipline. Those four domestic monasteries in Korea were ¡®Heinsa, Tongdosa, Songwangsa, and Soodeoksa', and now five monasteries are designated as the monastic teaching centers as Baekyangsa was officially promoted to a monastic teaching center in March 1996.